The River Basin Management Plan is the planning tool introduced by Directive 2000/60/EC, the Water Framework Directive, transposed into national legislation with Legislative Decree n. 152/2006. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) established a framework for action on water resources to reduce pollution, prevent further deterioration and improve the environmental status of aquatic ecosystem, terrestrial ecosystems, and wetlands taking into account the requirements set out in a series of pre-existing directives.
To this end, the WFD introduced environmental objectives, namely good environmental status for all water bodies (surface water bodies, groundwater bodies) to be reached by specific deadlines. The RBMP is the strategic planning and programming tool to reach the Directive’s objectives at water body level in each River Basin District “area of land and sea, made up of one or more neighbouring river basins together with their associated groundwaters and coastal waters” (as identified under Article 3(1) of Directive 2000/60/EC). River Basin Management Plans are updated every six years (2015, 2021, 2027).
Because of the changes in the geographical extension of the Northern Apennines River Basin District which were introduced by the National Reform of 2017, the 2021 update of the RBMP includes the former Serchio basin District (former ITD) which had its RBMP in 2010 and 2015.